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Electricity Basics


Electricity is a form of energy that starts with atoms. Atoms are too small to see, but they make up everything around us. An atom has three tiny parts: protons, neutrons, and electrons. The centre of the atom has at least one proton and one neutron.


At least one electron travels around the centre of the atom at great speed. Electricity can be created by forcing electrons to flow from atom to atom.


Most electricity is produced at power stations. Various energy sources are used to turn turbines.


The spinning turbine shafts turn electromagnets that are surrounded by heavy coils of copper wire inside generators. This creates a magnetic field, which causes the electrons in the copper wire to move from atom to atom.


The electricity is transported around the country by power lines.